Talks
Spring 2016

Quantitative Modeling of Transcription Factor Binding Specificities using DNA Shape

Tuesday, Mar. 8, 2016 10:00 am10:30 am PST

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Location: 

Calvin Lab

Our current knowledge of genome function is the result of sequence-based data in the form of one-dimensional strings of letters. However, DNA-binding proteins recognize the double helix as a three-dimensional object. Therefore, an understanding of transcription factor (TF) binding specificity must ultimately include DNA shape. The sequence-structure relationship in DNA is highly degenerate, and different nucleotide sequences can give rise to the same structure, while single nucleotide sequence variants sometimes change DNA shape over a region of several base pairs. To explore these effects on a genomic scale, we developed a method for the high-throughput DNA shape features. We used these structural features to augment nucleotide sequence in binding specificity models derived from statistical machine learning approaches. Based on data derived from high-throughput binding assays for many TFs from diverse protein families, we demonstrated that shape-augmented models are generally more efficient than existing sequence models in terms of accuracy, number of features, and computation time. Our models provide information on the importance of specific DNA sequence and shape features and thus reveal TF family-specific readout mechanisms and better explain why a given TF binds in vivo to a specific genomic target site.