Fall 2018

Lower Bounds for Elimination via Weak Regularity

Monday, October 15th, 2018 11:00 am11:30 am

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Michal Koucky (Charles University)

We consider the problem of elimination in communication complexity, that was first raised by Ambainis et al. (2001) and later studied by Beimel et al. (2014) for its connection to the famous direct sum question. In this problem, let f from {0,1}^{2n} to {0,1} be any boolean function. Alice and Bob get k inputs x_1,...,x_k and y_1,...,y_k respectively, with x_i,y_i in {0,1}^n. They want to output a k-bit vector v, such that there exists one index i for which v_i is not equal f(x_i,y_i). We prove a general result lower bounding the randomized communication complexity of the elimination problem for f using its discrepancy. Consequently, we obtain strong lower bounds for the functions Inner-Product and Greater-Than, that work for exponentially larger values of k than the best previous bounds. To prove our result, we use a pseudo-random notion called regularity that was first used by Raz and Wigderson (1999). We show that functions with small discrepancy are regular. We also observe that a weaker notion, that we call weak-regularity, already implies hardness of elimination. Finally, we give a different proof, borrowing ideas from Viola (2015) to show that Greater-Than is weakly regular.