Summer 2015

Indistinguishability Obfuscation for Turing Machines with Unbounded Memory

Monday, June 8th, 2015 2:15 pm2:40 pm

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Calvin Lab Auditorium

We show how to build indistinguishability obfuscation (iO) for Turing Machines where the overhead is polynomial in the security parameter lambda, machine description |M| and input size |x| (with only a negligible correctness error). In particular, we avoid growing polynomially with the maximum space of a computation. Our construction is based on iO for circuits, one way functions and injective pseudo random generators.

Our results are based on new ''selective enforcement'' techniques. Here we first create a primitive called positional accumulators that allows for a small commitment to a much larger storage. The commitment is unconditionally sound for a select piece of the storage. This primitive serves as an ''iO-friendly'' tool that allows us to make two different programs equivalent at different stages of a proof. The pieces of storage that are selected depend on what hybrid stage we are at in a proof.

We first build up our enforcement ideas in a simpler context of ''message hiding encodings'' and work our way up to indistinguishability obfuscation.

Joint work with Allison Bishop Lewko and Venkata Koppula.